Frequently in non-IVF treatment cycles, medications may be used to promote the growth of one or more follicles (containing the eggs) to achieve pregnancy. These drugs are given orally or via small needle injections under the skin. The follicle development is monitored by blood tests and ultrasound measurements. Ovulation is triggered spontaneously or through another small injection. Either timed intercourse or an intrauterine insemination (IUI) is used to deliver sperm to the ovulated egg(s) at the appropriate time. Your physician will discuss these treatment options in detail with you.
Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)
Intrauterine insemination (IUI) — a type of artificial insemination — is a procedure for treating infertility. Sperm that have been washed and concentrated are placed directly in your uterus around the time your ovary releases one or more eggs to be fertilized.
If an IUI is part of your treatment plan, we will collect a semen sample on the appropriate day in relation to ovulation. This sample is processed to recover the good quality, motile sperm in a concentrated volume that can be delivered directly into the uterine cavity. The actual transfer of sperm to the uterus is a process not unlike that of a typical Pap test for the woman. These IUI procedures are performed in the clinic by the physicians, physician assistants, or registered nurses.